NATIONAL VANILLA PUDDING DAY
334 BC ― The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus.
760 ― 14th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
1370 ― Jews are expelled/massacred from Brussels, Belgium.
1455 ― Opening battle in England's 30-year War of the Roses. Richard of York takes St Albans, capturing King Henry VI.
1570 ― The first atlas 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum' (Theatre of the World), is published by Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp with 70 maps.
1843 ― The first wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon.
1807 ― Former VP, Aaron Burr, is tried for treason in Richmond, VA (acquitted).
1840 ― The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.
1849 ― Abraham Lincoln receives a patent (only U.S. president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions.
1872 ― The Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500 military leaders).
1900 ― The Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative.
1902 ― U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs a treaty with Mexico under which both countries agree to submit a long-standing dispute over interest payments to the Court of Arbitration at The Hague.
1915 ― Lassen Peak in CA erupts with a powerful force, and is the only mountain, other than Mount St. Helens, to erupt in the continental US during the 20th century.
1919 ― Andrew E. Douglass establishes the relative dates of two archaeological sites using ancient wood samples, marking a major step forward in the dating of archaeological sites.
1927 ― 8.3 earthquake strikes Nan-Shan China, 200,000 killed.
1936 ― Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.
1942 ― The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed.
1953 ― U.S. President Eisenhower signs the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act.
1964 ― President Lyndon B. Johnson presents the "Great Society".
1973 ― President Nixon confesses his role in Watergate cover-up.
1985 ― Pete Rose scores his 2,108th run passing Hank Aaron as the NL career run scoring leader.
1998 ― The Lewinsky scandal: a federal judge rules that United States Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a grand jury concerning the scandal, involving President Bill Clinton.
2011 ― An EF5 Tornado strikes the US city of Joplin, Missouri killing at least 158 people, the single deadliest US tornado since modern record keeping began in 1950.
1770 – Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (daughter of King George II) (d. 1840)
1813 – Richard Wagner, German composer (d. 1883)
1844 – Mary Cassatt, American painter and educator (d. 1926)
1859 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, British writer (Sherlock Holmes) (d. 1930)
1912 – Herbert C. Brown, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
1942 – Theodore John "Ted" Kaczynski, American academic and mathematician turned anarchist and serial murderer (Unabomber)
From Wikipedia and Google (images), ex as noted.